Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Personnel Issues

Chet Baker
I was driving around Portland listening to the jazz station(KMHD, 89.1), and a version of Miles Davis' "Milestones" came on. I was unfamiliar with this version. I didn't recognize any of the musicians by what they were playing. A few times during the piano solo, I was convinced it was Ahmad Jamal, then Bill Evans, then Oscar Peterson. Then the trumpet player soloed; I thought maybe a young Tom Harrell, then I gave up. I waited in the car, even after I had to get out to run my errand, just to hear the DJ list the personnel. When the song finally ended, the DJ said "That was Chet Baker on the trumpet with "Milestones'...." and nothing else! I was so disappointed! Why didn't he list the musicians in the band? Would naming the pianist, bassist, and drummer taken THAT much longer to say? I was furious!

Who's the bass player on that Beyonce song?
Maybe nobody cares who the bass player is on the latest Beyonce tune (largely because it's all programmed anyway), but serious jazz listeners care about ALL the musicians on the tracks we listen to. We need to know, and the jazz DJs, the few left in the country, need to be aware of that. When I was growing up listening to jazz radio in Baltimore and Washington, they ALWAYS announced everyone in the band.I don't profess to be un-stumpable by any means, however, I got to be a pretty good guesser of who was playing what while listening to the radio. (I remember an incident in college when a fellow student was listening to some jazz in his dorm room. I poked my head in and said, "that sounds like Jeff Watts on drums." He marveled," How can you TELL?" I said, " I listen to jazz a lot!" )

Kenny Washington, a human jazz encyclopedia
I believe that the curiosity about "who is in the band" on a recording beyond the leader is really important, and it's a concept that is really in trouble more than ever. Now with downloading and Itunes, the liner notes are by and large nowhere to be found. So this means even less of a possibility to know "who's in the band". A student or jazz novice could download "Milestones" and have no idea that John Coltrane, Cannonball Adderly, Red Garland, Paul Chambers, and Philly Joe Jones were a pivotal part of this album. They might listen to Bill Evans and not be able to tell whether it's Scott LaFaro and Paul Motian or Eddie Gomez and Jack DeJohnette. Again, I'm not claiming to be as knowledgeable as somebody like Kenny Washington(who's a human jazz encyclopedia) but I do think that the information should be available more easily than the way the trend is moving. (While I'm on the subject, Kenny Washington and I were once colleagues at Juilliard. We were both on jury panels for students. Every student that had brought in a transcribed solo to perform, Washington could sing along with every single one. Scary.)

It's really important for jazz students to be able to have cognitive associations with the individual stylistic characteristics of different historical players. If a developing jazz pianist can't tell the difference between Wynton Kelly and Jackie Terrasson, then that's an issue. I think the non-performing audience should be informed on this as well. I know a lot of jazz fans who DO know the difference. But if young listeners aren't getting the information, they'll never develop this skill.

"I don't know who the bass player is on this CD....."
We need to educate students and listeners. When it comes to jazz music, who's playing, even the leader or the song, isn't that important anymore. Oftentimes, you'll go to a restaurant, and jazz will be playing on the sound system. This is a good thing. However, on many occasions, I will want to know what is playing if I don't recognize the recording(which is often, contrary to what you might infer from this diatribe). I ask the waitress, who tries desperately to hide the fact that she is annoyed by my question. Usually she says, "we can't look at what CD it is, it's one of them multi-CD players...." or something like that. So I'm disappointed and she's annoyed. And yet, here's jazz infiltrating people's consciousness and folks are still uneducated. Here in Portland, I'm noticing jazz in most of the restaurants we've eaten in. Does anyone else except ME care about what they are listening to? Are they curious at all? Do they even notice it?(It's better than the New York trend of a House music DJ at a restaurant. I personally think Disco Dancing and Eating should not take place at the same time. Let us digest a little, then we'll be in more of a position to "get down". Call me old fashioned....)

Now, some Starbucks restaurants have the little TV screens where they list what music is playing and the artist and the album. I think this would be great in restaurants that have jazz. I wouldn't need to bother the waitress anymore! And then people would start to learn more about what they are listening to. I think the whole concept of "background music" is weird. How can John Coltrane be "background music"? All the stuff he is playing? Doesn't you ear want to pay attention to it? Why is music created by geniuses relegated to the "background"?

We are exposed to a lot of culture and entertainment in our society, and we're almost set up to take it for granted. I used to go into Tower Records in New York years ago , and there would be 5 TV screens, all playing different videos, and the music playing over the system wouldn't be related to anything on the TV screens. It just seemed like Tower Records was trying to confuse me! And this is common as well, restaurants where 5 TV screens are on and the sound is off, so no one can really enjoy any of the programs. It's sensory overload.

So Jazz DJs, if you read this, PLEASE tell me who the other musicians are! Otherwise, I'll be tempted to google the album on my phone, and I'll most likely get a ticket for erratic driving......





82 comments:

  1. Actually, it's "Jacky Terrasson", not "Jackie". :-)

    ReplyDelete
  2. Enjoyed your post. I'm kinda geeky too about wanting to know all of the players, the labels, dates, etc. And I'm usually pretty good at making blindfold guesses. The DJs on our local jazz station in Philly usually mention the personnel but the other night they didn't. I had guessed Hank Mobley on tenor, Horace Silver on piano, Blakey on drums, and probably PC on bass. But the trumpet player I couldn't tell. The recording was probably '56 or '57 and it was probably either Donald Byrd or Art Farmer. Both still sounded a lot like Clifford Brown at that point. I called the station and they didn't want to even look up the personnel for me. Downer! 

    As for restaurant employees knowing the music they are playing - they could usually care less. Same, unfortunately usually goes for jazz club employees during set break CD playing. They don't care. A paycheck is a paycheck.

    Your blog is awesome - and an inspiration. Thanks.

    ReplyDelete
  3. There aren't liner notes, but a google search typically finds the answer. If you google "songname bandleader instrument" that will often answer the question.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Totally agree with you here.

    I'm sure you must be aware of "Shazam", available in phone app form. A great tool for identifying the source of tunes. That doesn't excuse lazy broadcasters though.

    ReplyDelete
  5. I agree too!! As a DJ on KMHD I always note the names of all the musicians in the band and am also constantly frustrated when other people don't as a listener. I have been working in the realm of tango music recently and there is this amazing site that has virtually every tango album of material from the 20's-70's cataloged with recording date, personnel, etc. If only such a site existed for jazz! Wikipedia is getting better with the classic Blue Note and Prestige albums etc but is still far from complete and often full of strange errors. Anyhow nice post.

    ReplyDelete
  6. It simply appeared like Pillar Information seemed to be trying to blur me! And this also is typical also, dining establishments when v Television receiver projection screens take any presctiption plus the sound will be cancelled, therefore no one can really enjoy some of the programs.

    Though we're also the actual level Single level WOW Gold vendor, many of us pardners with more

    than xv famed exclusive currency shops searching for debauched howler gilded obstetrical delivery in addition to cheap howler

    aureate costs. A number of them are untried buy tera gold, like gamesworth. A lot of them

    are previous(a) in addition to celebrated in the profession, e.g. IGE Belly laugh Gilt. Why do many of us manoeuver our bussiness

    in that method? Ok! Every bit comparable to our own Belly laugh character in World of warcraft,brief called Buy WOW Gold a solo is good. However, we can have more rum when we all turn in concert. That'sthe

    reason our pals claimed: the really peculiar is on its way through Belly laugh equalisation LXXX. As it would be some time to

    consider added time regarding Belly laugh representative. On the other guitar workforce, Tera

    Gold
    cataclysm release builders have the granted jobs which needs people to become teamer.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Totally agree. I want liner notes, and I want to know who I just heard. Listening is such a big part of learning this music. I used to be amazed at how somebody could tell Dexter from Jug for instance. Now it seems so easy. It's all in the listening...

    ReplyDelete
  8. Mr Assad appeared to dismiss the Arab League plan, the BBC's Jim Muir reports from Beirut.
    French Connection Promotion CodesMothers Day Freebies
    He said it was designed to show that the Arabs were divided, and to prepare the way for outside military intervention which, he repeated, would have dire consequences for the whole region.

    ReplyDelete
  9. Again, I'm not claiming to be as knowledgeable as somebody like Kenny Washington(who's a human jazz encyclopedia) but I do think that the information should be available more easily than the way the trend is moving.
    glucosamine4life transfer factor plus

    ReplyDelete
  10. I were once colleagues at Juilliard. We were both on jury panels for students. Every student that had brought in a transcribed solo to perform, Washington could sing along with every single one. Scary.) gratis partner sucheDécoration soirée

    ReplyDelete
  11. Jacques-Laurent Terrasson (November 27, 1966 in Berlin) is a jazz pianist better known as Jacky Terrasson.
    He was born in Germany, but his mother was American and his father French. He studied at the Berklee College of Music before playing in Chicago and New York City clubs. He gained increased attention on winning the 1993 Thelonious Monk Piano Competition.tag heuer replica watches He did early work with Betty Carter and in 1997 he worked on Rendezvous with Cassandra Wilson.send free sms
    Terrasson is currently represented by Addeo Music International (AMI).

    ReplyDelete
  12. A spherically closed membrane contains water and is a hypothetical precursor to the modern cell membrane.fire insurance claimsMarine Phytoplankton

    ReplyDelete
  13. charm jewelersseriöse partnersuche

    Hope is the thing with feathers
    That perches in the soul,
    And sings the tune without the words,
    And never stops at all,

    And sweetest in the gale is heard;
    And sore must be the storm
    That could abash the little bird
    That kept so many warm.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Arthritis AidsWedding Weight Loss Tipshouses at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Not many of members of the Ravenclaw house receive much description in the

    ReplyDelete
  15. bling bling jewelryBottle Opener

    The waves beside them danced, but they
    Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
    A poet can not but be gay,
    In such a jocund company:
    I grazed- and grazed - but litle thought
    What wealth the show to me had brought.

    ReplyDelete
  16. Jacques-Laurent Terrasson (November 27, 1966 in Berlin) is a jazz pianist better known as Jacky Terrasson.
    He was born in Germany, but his mother was American and his father French. He studied at the Berklee College of Music before playing in Chicago and New York City clubs. He gained increased attention on winning the 1993 Thelonious Monk Piano Competition.tag heuer replica watches He did early work with Betty Carter and in 1997 he worked on Rendezvous with Cassandra Wilson.send free sms
    Terrasson is currently represented by Addeo Music International (AMI).china wholesaleDebt Settlement Companies

    ReplyDelete
  17. Again, I'm not claiming to be as knowledgeable as somebody like Kenny Washington(who's a human jazz encyclopedia) but I do think that the information should be available more easily than the way the trend is moving. Interior Designers MiamiIT Support services

    ReplyDelete
  18. In South Vietnam, a country where the Buddhist majority was estimated to comprise between 70 and 90 percent of the population in 1963, President Ngo Dinh Diem's pro-Catholic policies antagonized many Buddhists.
    Movers Sacramento CAcredit cards

    ReplyDelete
  19. Apartamentos de vacaciones en Madeiraopt in leads

    I looked around to ask what happened, if somebody'd known,
    Found no one but living room as a flood.
    Running away by myself on the village road,
    Not knowing where to go but heading for my teacher
    Realizing she's the only one who could help to clear my throat,
    But this time she gave up, telling me strange things in fear.

    ReplyDelete
  20. providing for man\'s best friendsAnal Kugler & æg
    It properly. You really smart. I am very happy for it. Wish a nice day.

    ReplyDelete
  21. wedding catering brisbaneon hold music

    Yes. This information is useful for me. It useful ... Wish you a nice day :D

    ReplyDelete
  22. wat is mijn ipvideo production company


    I looked around to ask what happened, if somebody'd known,
    Found no one but living room as a flood.
    Running away by myself on the village road,
    Not knowing where to go but heading for my teacher
    Realizing she's the only one who could help to clear my throat,
    But this time she gave up, telling me strange things in fear.

    ReplyDelete
  23. Penthouse in FrankfurtCredit Card Debt Settlement

    Oh? This is new to me. I do not know about it. You did very well. Wish you a nice day.

    ReplyDelete
  24. Nguyen Binh Khiem Elementary School, located in Ho Chi Minh City, was given the ‘Gold award for excellence’ for their educational creativity and integration of technology, and for serving as a role model for other schools by setting high standards and fostering global skills, said the Regional Intel Teach School Awards committee.



    Bottle Opener Instore Radio

    ReplyDelete
  25. Pham Nhu Nghe, the ministry’s Professional Education Department deputy director, said students would be taught how best to introduce themselves to others, listening skills, public speaking and conflict solving.



    Audio Production GenF20 Plus

    ReplyDelete
  26. A report last October by the World Bank entitled “Putting higher education to work: Skills and Research for Growth in East Asia” stated that insufficient attention was paid to “soft skills” such as communication, English language and social knowledge in Vietnam.

    male enlargement pills steroid shop online

    ReplyDelete
  27. Database Programmingweb design


    "The falling leaves, drift by my windows.
    The Autumn leaves of red and gold.
    I see your lips, the Summer kisses,
    the sunburned hands I used to hold.
    Since you went away, the days grow long.
    And soon I hear Old Winter song.
    But I miss you most of all, my darling,
    when the Autumn leaves start to fall.."

    ReplyDelete
  28. Nguyen Binh Khiem Elementary School, located in Ho Chi Minh City, was given the ‘Gold award for excellence’ for their educational creativity and integration of technology, and for serving as a role model for other schools by setting high standards and fostering global skills, said the Regional Intel Teach School Awards committee.
    Text übersetzen Deutsch FranzösischPine needle oil

    ReplyDelete
  29. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  30. Amundsen did not publicise his change of plan. As Scott's biographer David Crane points out, the expedition's public and private funding was earmarked for scientific work in the Arctic; there was no guarantee that the backers would understand or agree to the proposed volte-face.
    hamperssalle

    ReplyDelete
  31. Hervey Bay Accommodationmusicona


    The waves beside them danced, but they
    Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
    A poet can not but be gay,
    In such a jocund company:
    I grazed- and grazed - but litle thought
    What wealth the show to me had brought.

    ReplyDelete
  32. e-burstκατασκευή ιστοσελίδων
    There is a place where the sidewalk endsAnd before the street begins,And there the grass grows soft and white,And there the sun burns crimson bright,And there the moon-bird rests from his flightTo cool in the peppermint wind.

    ReplyDelete
  33. RYA Powerboat Coursesheds liverpool
    Scattered pictures,Of the smiles we left behindSmiles we gave to one anotherFor the way we were

    ReplyDelete
  34. solid shedsGumtree


    Where and in which spring was it grown?
    And how long? By whom was cut?
    By a hand known or unknown?
    And why was put this page behind?

    ReplyDelete
  35. I came across your site a few days ago along with you've genuinely encouraged myself to begin crocheting yet again! I became only wondering had you been in a position to send out myself the actual routine with this particular beret (it is adorable!) because the hyperlink won't are doing work for me personally..? I'd personally really regards!

    http://fashoionstyles.com/
    http://warcraftever.com/

    ReplyDelete
  36. raspberry ketonecopycat recipes
    SCPA student Roscoe (Rocky) Carroll won the 1981 National Endowment for the Arts Talent Search in drama and became a Presidential Scholar in the Arts. The school received the Blue Ribbon School of the United States Department of Education in 1984 and the National Secondary School Merit Award in 1985.[49][50] By 1985, it had been credited as the model for arts schools in 100 cities in the US, Europe, and Asia

    ReplyDelete
  37. used ophthalmic equipmentFast Laptop Repair
    Edson and other Port Gibson believers readily accepted the Sabbath message and at the same time forged an alliance with Bates and two other folk from New Hampshire who later became very influential in the Adventist

    ReplyDelete
  38. banner standDrug Rehab
    As one would expect, the rents commanded by the building vary on the height of the floor. The better the height the better the view and daylight, something companies are willing to a pay a premium on. This sees the rental levels vary from £45 per square foot on the first floor to £48-£55 per square foot on the taller floors such as 14 and 17.

    ReplyDelete
  39. gold coast real estate agentsfree ads
    International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union (ILWU), the total Harbor killed several fellow earthquake and tsunami (Japan port workers union) and 19 day visit on July 18 and the All Japan Seamen's Union, each delivered the donations.

    ReplyDelete
  40. Aduitor for file systemfree cpanel hosting
    There aren't liner notes, but a google search typically finds the answer. If you google "songname bandleader instrument" that will often answer the question.

    ReplyDelete
  41. If you lock your keys in the car or trunk, after the arrival of the team in place very quickly the problem will be solved and you will be able to unlock your car without any problems. ключар

    ReplyDelete
  42. Even small parts of these substances fall into the canal is dissolved in its interaction with water and stopping its flow due to the cessation of use of the channel for several hours, and connect it concreted. отпушване на канали

    ReplyDelete
  43. They set a deadline for the Committee's opinion, which may not be less than one month. Димитър Веселинов Калинов

    ReplyDelete
  44. Rechtsanwalt Kreuztalindustrial flangesCyclone Elita was an unusual tropical cyclone that made landfall on Madagascar three times. Elita developed in the Mozambique Channel on January 24, 2004. It strengthened to become a tropical cyclone before striking northwestern Madagascar on January 28.

    ReplyDelete
  45. As traditional functionalists, neofunktsionalistite not tied to one end of a complete political integration midship. електротехник

    ReplyDelete
  46. Coursework writingcharm braceletsGeorgetown is a city in Scott County, Kentucky, United States. The population was 29,098 at the 2010 census. It was originally called Lebanon when founded by Rev. Elijah Craig, and was renamed in 1790 in honor of President George Washington.[1] It is the home of Georgetown College, a private liberal arts college. Georgetown is part of the Lexington-Fayette, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

    ReplyDelete
  47. 'White Paper' is the basis on which the building program for the development of EVP. In fact, this program is already far exceeds planned in 1985 by the Commission. електро услуги

    ReplyDelete
  48. Hi, I have read this post and have some questions related to it. Just one thing about this is that I can not understand your 2nd point. Please explain it. Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  49. Widely distributed are fertile alluvial soils. With fertility differ significantly and humus clay soils of Dean plateau. дърводелски услуги

    ReplyDelete
  50. Over the past two decades, the automotive sector has undergone a gradual deregulation and currently operate in India ten international car manufacturers. смяна на щрангове

    ReplyDelete
  51. President of India Pratibha Patil was chosen on 25 July 2007. According to the Constitution of this position is elected by the members of a special committee composed вик ремонти of elected representatives of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assembly of the states in accordance with proportional representation system.

    ReplyDelete
  52. send cookiesVoucherCodesNetThe final death toll reached 96 in March 1993, when artificial feeding and hydration of 22-year-old Tony Bland was withdrawn after nearly four years, during which he had been in a persistent vegetative state and shown no sign of improvement.[17]
    Andrew Devine, aged 22 at the time of the disaster, suffered similar injuries to Tony Bland and was later diagnosed as being in a persistent vegetative state, but in March 1997 – a month before the eighth anniversary of the disaster – it was reported that he had emerged from the condition and was now able to communicate using a touch-sensitive pad.

    ReplyDelete
  53. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  54. Kerala is a major producer of coconut, pepper, cardamom, ginger, cocoa, cashew, coffee and tea. Rice occupies the largest proportion of farmland. бойлер

    ReplyDelete
  55. Weightwatchers Voucher Codesmarriage affairsThe Voluntary Human Extinction Movement (VHEMT[A]) is an environmental movement that calls for all people to abstain from reproduction to cause the gradual voluntary extinction of humankind. VHEMT supports human extinction primarily because, in the group's view, it would prevent environmental degradation.

    ReplyDelete
  56. business development3d folieThe US environmental movement emerged in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, with two key strands: preservationist such as John Muir wanted land and nature set aside for its own sake, while conservationists such as Gifford Pinchot wanted to manage natural resources for human use.

    ReplyDelete
  57. keratin hair treatment

    Interior Decorator MiamiEloise made landfall along the Florida Panhandle west of Panama City before moving inland across Alabama and eventually dissipating on September 24. The storm produced torrential rainfall throughout Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, causing extensive flooding, over 40 deaths, and severe damage. Thousands in these areas were left homeless.

    ReplyDelete
  58. Proactol Plus Reviews
    replicas de relogios CartierClair Avenue West between Bathurst Street and the Don River, and north of Davenport Road from Caledonia to Spadina Road; the Casa Loma grounds sit above this escarpment. Despite its deep ravines, Toronto is not remarkably hilly, but does increase in elevation steadily away from the lake. Elevation differences range from 75 metres (246 ft) above-sea-level at the Lake Ontario shore to 209 m (686 ft) ASL near the York University grounds in the city's north end at the intersection of Keele Street and Steeles Avenue.

    ReplyDelete
  59. Clearances may have been to accommodate sheep or game estates, or enclosure, or may have resulted from depopulation, such as after the Black Death or following a move of the inhabitants to more prosperous districts. Other villages have grown and merged and often form hubs within the general mass of suburbia — such as Hampstead, London and Didsbury in Manchester.
    dental implants dublin

    cabelos

    ReplyDelete
  60. In Wales, where the equivalent of an English civil parish is called a Community, the body that administers it is called a Community Council. However, larger councils may elect to call themselves town councils.[18] Unlike Wales, Scottish community councils have no statutory powers.
    estetica y belleza las rozas

    electronic cigarettes Australia

    ReplyDelete
  61. Russia, 75% in Belarus, 41% in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, 20% in Ukraine,[35] 23% in Kyrgyzstan, 21% in Moldova, 7% in Azerbaijan, 5% in Georgia and 2% in Armenia and Tajikistan receive their education only or mostly in Russian. The percentage of ethnic Russians is 80% in Russia, 10% in Belarus, 36% in Kazakhstan, 17% in Ukraine, 9% in Kyrgyzstan, 6% in Moldova, 2% in Azerbaijan, 1.5% in Georgia and less than 1% in both Armenia and Tajikistan.
    Heavy Metals Test

    contactos

    ReplyDelete
  62. The conifers are now accepted as comprising six to eight families, with a total of 65–70 genera and 600–630 species (696 accepted names).[2] The seven most distinct families are linked in the box above right and phylogenetic diagram left.
    Ionised Water

    slut book

    ReplyDelete
  63. Evaluation (appraisal) is structured and κλιματιστικά normatively regulated process that is based on a specially developed system for evaluation.

    ReplyDelete
  64. According to Amnesty International there are about 200,000 prisoners[205] in Kaechon camp,[206] Yodok camp,[207] Bukchang camp[208] and three other large political prison camps in North Korea.
    MLS.ca

    finger food catering brisbane

    ReplyDelete
  65. On 8 December 1991, the presidents of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed the Belavezha Accords, which declared the Soviet Union dissolved and established the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in its place. While doubts remained over the authority of the accords to do this, on 21 December 1991, the representatives of all Soviet republics except Georgia signed the Alma-Ata Protocol, which confirmed the accords. On 25 December 1991, Gorbachev yielded to the inevitable and resigned as the President of the USSR, declaring the office extinct. He turned the powers that had been vested in the presidency over to Yeltsin, the President of Russia.
    Kochi

    first date advice

    ReplyDelete
  66. The need for fuel declined in the Soviet Union from the 1970s to the 1980s,[79] both per ruble of gross social product and per ruble of industrial product. At the start, this decline grew very rapidly, but gradually slowed down between 1970 and 1975. From 1975 and 1980, it grew even slower,[clarification needed] only 2.6 percent.
    text online

    dating

    ReplyDelete
  67. In 1991, the Soviet Union had a pipeline network of 82,000 kilometres (51,000 mi) for crude oil and another 206,500 kilometres (128,300 mi) for natural gas.[84] Petroleum and petroleum-based products, natural gas, metals, wood, agricultural products, and a variety of manufactured goods, primarily machinery, arms and military equipment, were exported.[85] In the 1970s and 1980s, the Soviet Union heavily relied on fossil fuel exports to earn hard currency.[68] At its peak in 1988, it was the largest producer and second largest exporter of crude oil, surpassed only by Saudi Arabia.
    Acne Scar Removal

    Pressure washer repair

    ReplyDelete
  68. Folks, I would say that dealing with personal issues is a must in my opinion.

    ReplyDelete
  69. The European Neolithic period—marked by the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock, increased numbers of settlements and the widespread use of pottery—began around 7000 BC in Greece and the Balkans, probably influenced by earlier farming practices in Anatolia and the Near East. It spread from South Eastern Europe along the valleys of the Danube and the Rhine (Linear Pottery culture) and along the Mediterranean coast (Cardial culture).
    Gumtree Jobs

    chauffeur service sydney

    ReplyDelete
  70. There were 92,000 soldiers in France and a further 60,000 in England, 17,000 in the Middle East plus nurses in Salonica and India, all to be transported home. By May 1919, the last troops were out of France, 70,000 now encamped on Salisbury Plain. By September, only 10,000 remained. General John Monash, the senior Australian commander, was repatriated on 26 December 1919. The last transport organized to repatriate the troops was the H.T Naldera, which departed London on 13 April 1920. The 1st AIF officially ceased to exist on 1 April 1921 and on 1 July 1921 the military hospitals in Australia passed into civilian hands.
    Madeira self catering

    colorful glasses frames

    ReplyDelete
  71. There are only five fully productive cases; that is, in the few instances of the formation of a distinct locative or vocative, the endings are specific to those words, and cannot be placed on other stems of the declension to produce a locative or vocative. In contrast, the plural nominative ending of the first declension may be used to form any first declension plural. As a result of this case ambiguity,
    orlando fl foreclosures

    Antivirus Gratis

    ReplyDelete
  72. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, English writers cobbled together huge numbers of new words from Latin and Greek words. These were dubbed "inkhorn terms", as if they had spilled from a pot of ink. Many of these words were used once by the author and then forgotten, but some which proved useful survived, such as imbibe and extrapolate. Many of the most common polysyllabic English words are of Latin origin, through the medium of Old French.
    Walk-in Freezer Sliding Door

    where is yiwu

    ReplyDelete
  73. Shuttle-Mir missions (1995–1998). Once more an American vehicle docked with a Russian craft, this time a full-fledged space station. This cooperation has continued to 2011, with Russia and the United States the two biggest partners in the largest space station ever built: the International Space Station (ISS). The strength of their cooperation on this project was even more evident when NASA began relying on Russian launch vehicles to service the ISS during the two-year grounding of the shuttle fleet following the 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
    تثبيت الوزن

    brainwaves alpha

    ReplyDelete
  74. The shuttle fleet lost two orbiters and 14 astronauts in two disasters: Challenger in 1986, and Columbia in 2003.[61] While the 1986 loss was mitigated by building the Space Shuttle Endeavour from replacement parts, NASA did not build another orbiter to replace the second loss.[61] NASA's Space Shuttle program had 135 missions when the program ended with the successful landing of the Space Shuttle Atlantis at the Kennedy Space Center on July 21, 2011. The program spanned 30 years with over 300 astronauts sent into space.
    water ionizers

    Dildo

    ReplyDelete
  75. The responsibilities of the maid are of different nature and relate to main дограма duties which it performs ремонт на автоклиматици

    ReplyDelete
  76. Well personal issues are kinda bad I would say.

    ReplyDelete
  77. This glass is an innovative proposal that will be мобилни климатици very useful if you want to reduce your heat costs dramatically

    ReplyDelete
  78. Among non-food share is lower, because many of климатици Daikin them are manufactured in Asia.

    ReplyDelete
  79. Bravo to the airport billboard, a rabbi, she greeted him enthusiastically. ключарски услуги

    ReplyDelete

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.